Plants, Shrubs & Trees

 Goldenseal ( Hydrastis canadensis ), 2018

Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis), 2018

Gardens are becoming increasingly important as sanctuaries...by planting different mini-habitats, we can attract a fascinating variety of wildlife and help to conserve many threatened species of flora and fauna.
— John Feltwell, The Naturalist's Garden

Native Species (North America)

  • Red Chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima')
  • Pinxterflower (Rhododendron periclymenoides)
  • Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)
  • Arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum - Chicago Lustre 'Synnesvedt')
  • Swamp Rose (Rosa palustris)
  • Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
  • Inkberry (Ilex glaba 'Compacta')
  • Mapleleaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)
  • Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia 'Minuet')
  • Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia 'Sarah')
  • American Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana)
  • Witch Alder (Fothergilla x intermedia 'Blue Shadow')
  • Witch Alder (Fothergilla major)
  • Oak-Leaf Hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia 'Pee Wee')
  • Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
  • Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium)
  • Witherod Viburnum - Brandywine (Viburnum nudum 'Bulk')
  • Winterthur Viburnum (Viburnum nudum)
  • Ruby Spice Summersweet (Clethra alnifolia 'Ruby Spice')
  • Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis 'Anna Van Vloten')
  • Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis 'Smaragd')
  • Dwarf Alberta Spruce (Picea glauca 'Conica')
  • Alternate Leaf Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)
  • Washington Hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum)
  • Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis)
  • Culver's Root (Veronicastrum virginicum)
  • Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia virginica)
  • Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)
  • Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea 'White Swan')
  • Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea 'Now Cheesier')
  • Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea 'Bravado')
  • Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa)
  • Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa 'Cinderella')
  • Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)
  • Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)
  • Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum)
  • Hollow Joe-Pye Weed (Eutrochium fistulosum)
  • Dwarf Joe-Pye Weed (Eutrochium dubium)
  • Showy Goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)
  • Gray Goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)
  • Early Golderod (Solidago juncea)
  • Common Sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale)
  • New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)
  • Crooked-Stem Aster (Symphotrichum prenanthoides)
  • Aromatic Aster (Aster oblongifolius 'October Skies')
  • Blue Wood Aster (Aster cordifolius)
  • Cranesbill - Light Pink (Geranium sanguineum striatum)
  • Cranesbill - Blue (Geranium himalayense x Geranium wallichianum 'Buxton's Variety' 'Rozanne')
  • Woodland Cranesbill (Geranium maculatum)
  • Yarrow (Achillea millefolium 'Summer Pastels')
  • Yarrow (Achillea millefolium 'Pomegranate')
  • Bee Balm - Red (Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline')
  • Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)
  • Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
  • Tickseed (Coreopsis grandiflora 'Early Sunrise')
  • Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)
  • Nodding Onion (Allium cernuum)
  • Virginia Spiderwort (Tradescantia virginiana)
  • Hairy Beardtongue (Penstemon hirsutus)
  • Tall White Beardtongue (Penstemon digitalis)
  • Electric Blue Beardtongue (Penstemon barbatus)
  • Turtlehead (Chelone glabra)
  • Jacob's Ladder (Polemonium reptans 'Touch of Class')
  • Barrenwort (Epimedium warleyense 'Ellen Willmott')
  • Foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia)
  • Wild Stonecrop (Sedum ternatum)
  • Allegheny Pachysandra (Pachysandra procumbens)
  • Bluets (Houstonia caerulea)
  • Lyre-leaved Sage (Salvia lyrata 'Purple Knockout')
  • Coral Bells (Heuchera micrantha var. diversifolia 'Bressingham Hybrids')
  • Moss Phlox (Phlox subulata 'Snowflake')
  • Phlox (Phlox paniculata)
  • Anise-hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)
  • Green & Gold (Chrysogonum virginianum 'Pierre')
  • Cream Violet (Viola striata)
  • Common Blue Violet (Viola sororia)
  • Virginia Mountain Mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum)
  • Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisema triphyllum)
  • Twinleaf (Jeffersonia diphylla)
  • Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)
  • Sensitive Fern (Onoclea sensibilis)
  • Ostrich Fern (Matteuccia pensylvanica)
  • Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)
  • Pagoda Trout Lily (Erythronium pagoda)
  • Canada Mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
  • Anise Root (Osmorhiza longistylis)
  • Trumpet Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens 'John Clayton')
  • Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
  • Trumpet Creeper (Campsis radicans)
  • Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis
  • Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)
  • American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius)
  • Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum)
  • Bleeding Hearts (Dicentra spectabilis)
  • Fern-leaved Bleeding Heart (Dicentra spectabilis 'Burning Hearts')
  • Lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus)
  • Iris (Iris lousiana 'Black Gamecock'
  • Elodea (Elodea canadensis)
  • Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)
  • Eastern Daisy Fleabane (Erigeron annuus)
  • Mosses & Lichens (Unidentified)
  • Planktonic Algae (Unidentified)
  • Wild Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)
  • Smooth Groundcherry (Physalis longifolia)

Non-native Species

  • Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum)*
  • Norway Spruce (Picea abies)*
  • Golden Euonymus (Euonymous japonicus 'Aureo-marginatus)
  • Butterfly Bush (Buddleja spp.)*
  • Hydrangea (Hydrangea spp.)*
  • Spiraea (Spiraea japonica ' Neon Flash')
  • Broom (Cystisus 'Lena')
  • Holly (Ilex x 'Rutzan' 'Red Beauty')
  • Pyracantha (Pyracantha x 'Mojave')
  • Japanese Beautyberry (Callicarpa dichotoma x kwantungensis 'Purple Pearls)
  • Weigela (Weigela florida 'Carlton')
  • Rhododendron (Rhododendron 'Anah Kruschke)
  • Boxwood (Buxus x 'Green Mountain')
  • Hick's Yew (Taxus x media 'Hicksii')
  • Pyramidal Yew (Taxus x media 'Dark Green Pyramidalis')
  • Moonglow Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum 'Moongow')
  • Privet (Ligustrum vulgar)*
  • White Clover (Trifolium repens)
  • Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)
  • Oriental Poppy (Papaver orientale)
  • Foxgloves (Digitalis purpurea 'Foxy Dwarf')
  • Lavender Cotton (Santolina virens)
  • Shrubby Cinquefoil (Potentilla fruticosa)*
  • Mock Strawberry (Potentilla indica)
  • Lungwort (Pulmonaria)
  • Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca)
  • Columbine (Aquilegia spp.)*
  • Clematis (Clematis 'Tie Dye')
  • Daylily - Yellow (Hemerocallis spp.)
  • Daylily - Orange (Hemerocallis spp.)
  • Daffodil (Narcissus spp.)
  • Forsythia (Forsythia spp.)*
  • Forget-Me-Not (Myosotis spp.)
  • Hollyhock (Alcea rosea)
  • Hosta (Hosta spp.)
  • Hyacinth (Hyacinthus spp.)
  • Grape Hyacinth (Muscari spp.)
  • Glory-of-the-Snow (Chionodoxa spp.)
  • Tulip (Tulipa spp.)
  • Nasturtium (Tropaeolum spp.)
  • Cosmos (Cosmos spp.)
  • Bachelor's Buttons (Centaurea cyanus)
  • Allium (Allium spp.)
  • Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
  • Wild Garlic (Allium vineale)
  • Bearded Iris (Iris germanica)
  • Lady's Mantle (Alchemilla mollis)
  • Lamb's Ear (Stachys byzantina)
  • Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)*
  • Sedum (Sedum x telephium 'Autumn Joy')
  • Sedum (Sedum spurium 'John Creech')
  • Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus)*
  • Periwinkle (Vinca minor)*
  • Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis)
  • Snowdrop Anemone (Anemone sylvestrus)
  • Variegated Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum odoratum 'Variegatum')
  • Blue Flax (Linum perenne)
  • Scented Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens 'Lady Plymouth')
  • Peony (Paeonia spp.)
  • Oriental Poppy (Papaver orientale)
  • Atlas Poppy (Papaver atlanticum
  • Lavender (Lavandula spp.)
  • Spanish Lavender (Lavandula stoechas 'Anouk Supreme')
  • Provence White Lavender (Lavandula x intermedia)
  • Munstead Dwarf Lavender (Lavandula augustifolia 'Mustead')
  • Lady Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia 'Lady')
  • Silver Mound (Artemisia schmidtiana)
  • Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)
  • Sweet Annie (Artemisia annua)
  • Lenten Rose (Helleborus x hybridus 'Metallic Blue Lady')
  • Lenten Rose (Helleborus x hybridus 'Pink Beauty')
  • Rose (Rosa spp.)
  • Pincushion Flower (Scabiosa columbaria 'Butterfly Blue')
  • Primrose (Primula spp.)
  • Astilbe (Astilbe chinensis 'Visions in Pink')
  • Sage (Salvia officinalis)
  • Purple Sage (Saliva officinalis 'Purpurascens')
  • Borage (Borago officinalis)
  • Salvia (Salvia nemorosa 'New Dimension Rose')
  • Meadow Sage (Salvia nemorosa 'Marcus')
  • Red Hot Poker (Kniphofia uvaria 'Flamenco')
  • Avens (Geum x 'Mai Tai')
  • Bronze Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
  • St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum)
  • English Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
  • Creeping Thyme (Thymus serpyllum)
  • Nutmeg Thyme (Thymus serpyllum 'Nutmeg')
  • Italian Oregano (Origanum hirtum)
  • Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)
  • Garden Valerian (Valeriana officinalis)
  • Lovage (Levisticum officinale)
  • Horehound (Marrubium vulgare)
  • Sweet Woodruff (Galium odoratum)
  • Cleavers (Galium aparine)
  • Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)
  • Scarlet Pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis)
  • Bittersweet Nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)
  • Speedwell (Veronica spp.)
  • Field Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)
  • Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)
  • Burdock (Arctium minus)
  • Chicory (Cichorium intybus)
  • Common Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris)
  • Black Medic (Medicago lupulina
  • Perennial Sowthistle (Sonchus arvensis)
  • Common Lambsquarter (Chenopodium album)
  • Spotted Spurge (Euphorbia maculata)
  • Henbit (Lamium amplexicaule)
  • Yellow Woodsorrel (Oxalis stricta)
  • Common Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana)
  • Common Purslane (Portulaca oleracea)
  • Broad-leaf Plantain (Plantago major
  • Narrow-leaf Plantain (Plantago lanceolata)
  • English Violet (Viola odorata)
  • Chameleon Plant (Horttuynia cordata)*
  • Self-Heal (Prunella vulgaris)

Houseplants

  • Baby's Tear (Helxine soleirolii
  • Money Tree (Pachira aquatica
  • Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum
  • African Violet (Saintpaulia ionantha)
  • Minature Oakleaf Fig (Ficus quercifolia)
  • Bunny Ear Cactus (Opuntia Microdasys Alba)
  • Cactus (Notocactus roseoluteus)
  • Succulent (Echeveria)
  • Succulent (Gasteria 'Flow')
  • Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum)
  • Snake Plant (Sansevieria trifasciata)
  • Jade Plant (Crassula ovata)
  • String-of-Pearls (Senecio rowelyanus)
  • Aloe (Aloe vera
  • Dwarf Umbrella Tree (Schefflera arboricola)
  • Dieffenbachia
  • Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera)
  • Nerve Plant (Fittonia albivenis)

*established on property at time of purchase (2003)


These lists represent an ongoing survey of The Garden at Two Gates