Plants, Shrubs & Trees

 Goldenseal ( Hydrastis canadensis ), 2018

Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis), 2018

Gardens are becoming increasingly important as sanctuaries...by planting different mini-habitats, we can attract a fascinating variety of wildlife and help to conserve many threatened species of flora and fauna.
— John Feltwell, The Naturalist's Garden

Native Species (North America)

  • Red Chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima')

  • Pinxterflower (Rhododendron periclymenoides)

  • Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)

  • Arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum - Chicago Lustre 'Synnesvedt')

  • Swamp Rose (Rosa palustris)

  • Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)

  • Inkberry (Ilex glaba 'Compacta')

  • Mapleleaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)

  • Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia 'Minuet')

  • Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia 'Sarah')

  • American Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana)

  • Witch Alder (Fothergilla x intermedia 'Blue Shadow')

  • Witch Alder (Fothergilla major)

  • Oak-Leaf Hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia 'Pee Wee')

  • Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

  • Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium)

  • Witherod Viburnum - Brandywine (Viburnum nudum 'Bulk')

  • Winterthur Viburnum (Viburnum nudum)

  • Ruby Spice Summersweet (Clethra alnifolia 'Ruby Spice')

  • Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis 'Anna Van Vloten')

  • Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis 'Smaragd')

  • Dwarf Alberta Spruce (Picea glauca 'Conica')

  • Alternate Leaf Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)

  • Washington Hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum)

  • Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis)

  • Culver's Root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

  • Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia virginica)

  • Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

  • Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea 'White Swan')

  • Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea 'Now Cheesier')

  • Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea 'Bravado')

  • Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa)

  • Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa 'Cinderella')

  • Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)

  • Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

  • Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum)

  • Hollow Joe-Pye Weed (Eutrochium fistulosum)

  • Dwarf Joe-Pye Weed (Eutrochium dubium)

  • Zig Zag Goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)

  • Showy Goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)

  • Gray Goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

  • Early Golderod (Solidago juncea)

  • Common Sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale)

  • New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

  • Crooked-Stem Aster (Symphotrichum prenanthoides)

  • Aromatic Aster (Aster oblongifolius 'October Skies')

  • Blue Wood Aster (Aster cordifolius)

  • Cranesbill - Light Pink (Geranium sanguineum striatum)

  • Cranesbill - Blue (Geranium himalayense x Geranium wallichianum 'Buxton's Variety' 'Rozanne')

  • Woodland Cranesbill (Geranium maculatum)

  • Yarrow (Achillea millefolium 'Summer Pastels')

  • Yarrow (Achillea millefolium 'Pomegranate')

  • Bee Balm - Red (Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline')

  • Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

  • Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)

  • Tickseed (Coreopsis grandiflora 'Early Sunrise')

  • Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)

  • Nodding Onion (Allium cernuum)

  • Virginia Spiderwort (Tradescantia virginiana)

  • Hairy Beardtongue (Penstemon hirsutus)

  • Tall White Beardtongue (Penstemon digitalis)

  • Electric Blue Beardtongue (Penstemon barbatus)

  • Turtlehead (Chelone glabra)

  • Jacob's Ladder (Polemonium reptans 'Touch of Class')

  • Barrenwort (Epimedium warleyense 'Ellen Willmott')

  • Foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia)

  • Wild Stonecrop (Sedum ternatum)

  • Allegheny Pachysandra (Pachysandra procumbens)

  • Bluets (Houstonia caerulea)

  • Lyre-leaved Sage (Salvia lyrata 'Purple Knockout')

  • Coral Bells (Heuchera micrantha var. diversifolia 'Bressingham Hybrids')

  • Moss Phlox (Phlox subulata 'Snowflake')

  • Phlox (Phlox paniculata)

  • Anise-hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

  • Green & Gold (Chrysogonum virginianum 'Pierre')

  • Cream Violet (Viola striata)

  • Common Blue Violet (Viola sororia)

  • Virginia Mountain Mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum)

  • Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisema triphyllum)

  • Twinleaf (Jeffersonia diphylla)

  • Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)

  • Sensitive Fern (Onoclea sensibilis)

  • Ostrich Fern (Matteuccia pensylvanica)

  • Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

  • Pagoda Trout Lily (Erythronium pagoda)

  • Canada Mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

  • Anise Root (Osmorhiza longistylis)

  • Trumpet Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens 'John Clayton')

  • Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

  • Trumpet Creeper (Campsis radicans)

  • Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis

  • Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)

  • American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius)

  • Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum)

  • Bleeding Hearts (Dicentra spectabilis)

  • Fern-leaved Bleeding Heart (Dicentra spectabilis 'Burning Hearts')

  • Lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus)

  • Iris (Iris lousiana 'Black Gamecock')

  • Elodea (Elodea canadensis)

  • Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

  • Eastern Daisy Fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

  • Mosses & Lichens (Unidentified)

  • Planktonic Algae (Unidentified)

  • Wild Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

  • Smooth Groundcherry (Physalis longifolia)

Non-native Species

  • Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum)*

  • Norway Spruce (Picea abies)*

  • Golden Euonymus (Euonymous japonicus 'Aureo-marginatus)

  • Butterfly Bush (Buddleja spp.)*

  • Hydrangea (Hydrangea spp.)*

  • Spiraea (Spiraea japonica ' Neon Flash')

  • Broom (Cystisus 'Lena')

  • Holly (Ilex x 'Rutzan' 'Red Beauty')

  • Pyracantha (Pyracantha x 'Mojave')

  • Japanese Beautyberry (Callicarpa dichotoma x kwantungensis 'Purple Pearls)

  • Weigela (Weigela florida 'Carlton')

  • Rhododendron (Rhododendron 'Anah Kruschke)

  • Boxwood (Buxus x 'Green Mountain')

  • Hick's Yew (Taxus x media 'Hicksii')

  • Pyramidal Yew (Taxus x media 'Dark Green Pyramidalis')

  • Moonglow Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum 'Moongow')

  • Privet (Ligustrum vulgar)*

  • White Clover (Trifolium repens)

  • Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

  • Oriental Poppy (Papaver orientale)

  • Foxgloves (Digitalis purpurea 'Foxy Dwarf')

  • Lavender Cotton (Santolina virens)

  • Shrubby Cinquefoil (Potentilla fruticosa)*

  • Mock Strawberry (Potentilla indica)

  • Lungwort (Pulmonaria)

  • Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca)

  • Columbine (Aquilegia spp.)*

  • Clematis (Clematis 'Tie Dye')

  • Daylily - Yellow (Hemerocallis spp.)

  • Daylily - Orange (Hemerocallis spp.)

  • Daffodil (Narcissus spp.)

  • Forsythia (Forsythia spp.)*

  • Forget-Me-Not (Myosotis spp.)

  • Hollyhock (Alcea rosea)

  • Hosta (Hosta spp.)

  • Hyacinth (Hyacinthus spp.)

  • Grape Hyacinth (Muscari spp.)

  • Glory-of-the-Snow (Chionodoxa spp.)

  • Tulip (Tulipa spp.)

  • Allium (Allium spp.)

  • Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)

  • Wild Garlic (Allium vineale)

  • Bearded Iris (Iris germanica)

  • Lady's Mantle (Alchemilla mollis)

  • Lamb's Ear (Stachys byzantina)

  • Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)*

  • Sedum (Sedum x telephium 'Autumn Joy')

  • Sedum (Sedum spurium 'John Creech')

  • Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus)*

  • Periwinkle (Vinca minor)*

  • Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis)

  • Snowdrop Anemone (Anemone sylvestrus)

  • Variegated Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum odoratum 'Variegatum')

  • Blue Flax (Linum perenne)

  • Scented Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens 'Lady Plymouth')

  • Peony (Paeonia spp.)

  • Oriental Poppy (Papaver orientale)

  • Atlas Poppy (Papaver atlanticum

  • Lavender (Lavandula spp.)

  • Spanish Lavender (Lavandula stoechas 'Anouk Supreme')

  • Provence White Lavender (Lavandula x intermedia)

  • Munstead Dwarf Lavender (Lavandula augustifolia 'Mustead')

  • Lady Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia 'Lady')

  • Silver Mound (Artemisia schmidtiana)

  • Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

  • Sweet Annie (Artemisia annua)

  • Lenten Rose (Helleborus x hybridus 'Metallic Blue Lady')

  • Lenten Rose (Helleborus x hybridus 'Pink Beauty')

  • Rose (Rosa spp.)

  • Pincushion Flower (Scabiosa columbaria 'Butterfly Blue')

  • Primrose (Primula spp.)

  • Astilbe (Astilbe chinensis 'Visions in Pink')

  • Sage (Salvia officinalis)

  • Purple Sage (Saliva officinalis 'Purpurascens')

  • Borage (Borago officinalis)

  • Salvia (Salvia nemorosa 'New Dimension Rose')

  • Meadow Sage (Salvia nemorosa 'Marcus')

  • Red Hot Poker (Kniphofia uvaria 'Flamenco')

  • Avens (Geum x 'Mai Tai')

  • Bronze Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)

  • St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum)

  • English Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)

  • Creeping Thyme (Thymus serpyllum)

  • Nutmeg Thyme (Thymus serpyllum 'Nutmeg')

  • Italian Oregano (Origanum hirtum)

  • Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

  • Garden Valerian (Valeriana officinalis)

  • Lovage (Levisticum officinale)

  • Horehound (Marrubium vulgare)

  • Sweet Woodruff (Galium odoratum)

  • Cleavers (Galium aparine)

  • Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

  • Scarlet Pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis)

  • Bittersweet Nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)

  • Speedwell (Veronica spp.)

  • Field Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)

  • Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)

  • Burdock (Arctium minus)

  • Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

  • Common Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris)

  • Black Medic (Medicago lupulina

  • Perennial Sowthistle (Sonchus arvensis)

  • Common Lambsquarter (Chenopodium album)

  • Spotted Spurge (Euphorbia maculata)

  • Henbit (Lamium amplexicaule)

  • Yellow Woodsorrel (Oxalis stricta)

  • Common Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana)

  • Common Purslane (Portulaca oleracea)

  • Broad-leaf Plantain (Plantago major)

  • Narrow-leaf Plantain (Plantago lanceolata)

  • English Violet (Viola odorata)

  • Chameleon Plant (Horttuynia cordata)*

  • Self-Heal (Prunella vulgaris)

Annuals

  • Cosmos Seashells Mix (Cosmos spp.)

  • Bachelor's Buttons Tall Double Mix (Centaurea cyanus)

  • Nasturtium Jewel Mix (Tropaeolum spp.)

  • Nasturtium Fordhook Favorites Mix (Tropaeolum spp.)

Houseplants

  • Baby's Tear (Helxine soleirolii)

  • Money Tree (Pachira aquatica)

  • Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum)

  • African Violet (Saintpaulia ionantha)

  • Minature Oakleaf Fig (Ficus quercifolia)

  • Bunny Ear Cactus (Opuntia Microdasys Alba)

  • Cactus (Notocactus roseoluteus)

  • Succulent (Echeveria)

  • Succulent (Gasteria 'Flow')

  • Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum)

  • Snake Plant (Sansevieria trifasciata)

  • Jade Plant (Crassula ovata)

  • String-of-Pearls (Senecio rowelyanus)

  • Aloe (Aloe vera)

  • Dwarf Umbrella Tree (Schefflera arboricola)

  • Dieffenbachia

  • Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera)

  • Nerve Plant (Fittonia albivenis)

*established on property at time of purchase (2003)


These lists represent an ongoing survey of The Garden at Two Gates